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Ectopic Pregnancy India,Ectopic Pregnancy Laparoscopic Surgery India


´╗┐Ectopic Pregnancy Ectopic means out of place. In an ectopic pregnancy, a fertilized egg has implanted outside the uterus. The egg settles in the fallopian tubes in more than 95% of ectopic pregnancies. This is why ectopic pregnancies are commonly called tubal pregnancies. The egg can also implant in the ovary, abdomen, or the cervix, so you may see these referred to as cervical or abdominal pregnancies. None of these areas has as much space or nurturing tissue as a uterus for a pregnancy to develop. As the fetus grows, it will eventually burst the organ that contains it. This can cause severe bleeding and endanger the mother'sfe. A classical ectopic pregnancy does not develop into ave birth. Ectopic Pregnancy Fertility Symptoms,Diagnosis,Treatment Cost India,India Ectopic Pregnancy, Ectopic Pregnancy Cost, Ectopic Pregnancy India, ectopic, pregnancy What is itkely to happen? An ectopic is most commonly found between the fourth and tenth week of pregnancy - usually from weeks five to seven. Who is at risk? An ectopic pregnancy can happen to any woman, but there are circumstances, which make it morekely. These might include: 1. Women who have had pelvic inflammatory disease (which is most often caused by the sexually transmitted infection Chlamydia or gonorrhea) as this can cause damage and scarring to the fallopian tubes. Some experts believe that up to half of all ectopic pregnancies are related to the Chlamydia infection. Experts also believe that if Chlamydia has affected your fallopian tubes then your risk of an ectopic pregnancy is much increased. 2. Any abdominal surgery, including an appendix removal or a caesarian section, predispose to an ectopic pregnancy. 3. Patients who have had a contraceptive coil fitted. While this will prevent a pregnancy in the womb, it's less effective at preventing one in the tube. 4. Women who have had a previous ectopic pregnancy are at risk. Signs and Symptoms Ectopic pregnancy can be difficult to diagnose because symptoms often mirror those of a normal early pregnancy. These can include missed periods, breast tenderness, nausea, vomiting, or frequent urination. The first warning signs of an ectopic pregnancy are often pain or vaginal bleeding. You might feel pain in your pelvis, abdomen, or, in extreme cases, even your shoulder or neck (if blood from a ruptured ectopic pregnancy builds up and irritates certain nerves). Most women describe the pain as sharp and stabbing. It may concentrate on one side of the pelvis and come and go or vary in intensity. Any of the following additional symptoms can also suggest an ectopic pregnancy: * vaginal spotting * dizziness or fainting (caused by blood loss) * low blood pressure (also caused by blood loss) * lower back pain When you come to the hospital, you will be asked to have a urine pregnancy test. If the urine test comes back positive, you'll probably be given a quantitative hCG test. This blood test measures levels of the hormone human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG), which is produced by the placenta and appears in the blood and urine as early as 8 to 10 days after conception. Its levels double every 2 days for the first several weeks of pregnancy, so if hCG levels are lower than expected for your stage of pregnancy, one possible explanation might be an ectopic pregnancy. tubal pregnancy, uterus, endometriosis, fallopian tubes, spotting, vaginal bleeding, pelvic inflammatory,trasounds, ovulation, iuds Figure : An ectopic pregnancy within the previous cesarean section scar is demonstrated by transvaginaltrasound. You'll probably also get antrasound examination, which can show whether the uterus contains a developing fetus or if masses are present elsewhere in the abdominal area. But thetrasound might not be able to detect every ectopic pregnancy. The doctor may also give you a pelvic exam to locate the areas causing pain, to check for an enlarged, pregnant uterus, or to find any masses. Even with the best equipment, it's hard to see a pregnancy less than 5 weeks after the last menstrual period. If your doctor can't diagnose ectopic pregnancy but can't rule it out, he or she may ask you to return every 2 or 3 days to measure your hCG levels. Options for Treatment Treatment of an ectopic pregnancy varies, depending on how medically stable the woman is and the size and location of the pregnancy. An early ectopic pregnancy can sometimes be treated with an injection of methotrexate, which stops the growth of the embryo. If the pregnancy is further along, you'llkely need surgery to remove the abnormal pregnancy. In the past, this was a major operation, requiring a large incision across the pelvic area. This might still be necessary in cases of emergency or extensive internal injury. laparoscopic surgery, ectopic pregnancy, EP, tubal pregnancy, pregnancy in the fallopian tubes, pregnancy outside the uterus, salpingitis, miscarriage symptoms, PID, IUD, abdominal pain, birth control Figure: An ectopic pregnancy within the previous cesarean section scar is demonstrated during laparotomy. However, the pregnancy may sometimes be removed using laparoscopy, a less invasive surgical procedure. The surgeon makes small incisions in the lower abdomen and then inserts a tiny video camera and instruments through these incisions. The image from the camera is shown on a screen in the operating room, allowing the surgeon to see what's going on inside of your body without making large incisions. The ectopic pregnancy is then surgically removed with or without removal of the fallopian tube depending upon how damaged it is. What About Future Pregnancies? Some women who have had ectopic pregnancies will have difficulty becoming pregnant again. This difficulty is more common in women who also had fertility problems before the ectopic pregnancy. Your prognosis depends on your fertility before the ectopic pregnancy, as well as the extent of the damage that was done. Thekelihood of a repeat ectopic pregnancy increases with each subsequent ectopic pregnancy. Once you have had one ectopic pregnancy, you face an approximate 15% chance of having another. For more information, medical assessment and medical quote send your detailed medical history and medical reports as email attachment to : - Call: +91 9029304141 (10 am. To 8 pm. IST) (Only for international patients seeking treatment in India

For The Love of Jane Austen


´╗┐If ever there was an author that is deserving of having theirkeness on a British banknote then Jane Austen would be it. Her novels have a lasting and universal appeal and she is acknowledged as one of the very best authors in Englishterature. Jane was one of eight offspring born to Reverend George Austen in Hampshire, England. She had 6 brothers and one sister, Cassandra, with whom she had a very close bond all through her wholefe. A single picture of Jane remains at present and is the onlykeness of her remaining which was painted by her sister. Despite the fact that the Austen family were not of noble birth or wealthy, their father was extremely eager to give his children a very good schooling, this included both daughters. In order to generate enough cash for their education and to provide food for his family to eat, Reverend Austen repeatedly procured work teaching nearby and if needed also took up farming to raise some additional cash. Jane Austen's world is frequently said to be amited one. Even so, because she was a clergyman's daughter, she invariably would be required to help out in the community wherein sheved and would therefore have been aware of the poorer folks around her. When Jane started writing novels she wrote concerning her personal world and not the world of other people. Her critiques of 19th century classes chiefly concerned the upper and middle classes. The lower classes, if spoke of at all, are basically servants who seem wholly happy with their lot. Whilst this obvious lack of understanding of the society's poor could be seen as a failing, it was one shared by much of English polite society during this time. Her historical romance books, set amid the aristocracy and upper classes, gave Jane Austen a place as one of the most widely read writers of all time. Jane's realistic and biting combined evaluations have given her historical consequence among intellectuals and critics alike. Even with her novels being published anonymously during her time, it hasn't prohibited Jane Austen from turning out to be among the most famed authors of English language fiction books. Jane Austen never married nevertheless that was in no way damaging to her when writing books which focused on love, courtships, marriage and the customs of the day. Published in 1811 Austen's first book, Sense and Sensibility was published namelessly, simply allowing for the inscription By a Lady on the title page so as to guard herself in the eyes of society. Whilst initially meant to be writtenke a succession of letters between two sisters it eventually developed into a novel through the prime characters Elinor representing sense and Marianne, her sister with sensibility. Jane Austen is widely recognized mainly for the sophistication and fine-tuning of the English novel. Her books generally reflected the social order and their behavior, traditions and beliefs. In working a touch of magic on the dull, everyday realities offestyles in the 19th century she shaped some of the most popular works ever written and all of which have since been adapted for the media. Jane's most well known books: Northanger Abbey, Persuasion, Sense and Sensibility, Pride and Prejudice, Mansfield Park and Emma are some of the best TV books to read. Jane is the supreme romantic author who delights us all with her stories of hope and happy endings! Shop4Books is an online bookshop that sells a wide range of books in all formats at low prices . We also have special offers available on a daily basis so you can get your books, CDs, DVDs, calendars and diaries, personalised stationery, craft supplies, ebooks and ereaders and much more from many well known online retailers, but all from under the one roof!